Family tree

Irwine Whitty Binney

Father and mother: Stephen Binney and Emily Pryor

Dates: 1841-1912

Married: in 1891 Lucy Milner (c.1850-)

Children: Hibbert William Binney (1892-) and Irwine Ketchum Binney (1895-).

See 1881 census entry.

Career: See notices and obituary.

Irwine's name seems to be spelt various ways. Irwine seems to be the form that he used. However, Irwin is on the back on the photo on the right. It seems that Irwine's father called him Irvine. Irwine's names may have come from his aunt Mary (daughter of Hon. Hibbert Newton Binney) married Irwine Smith Whitty.

Looking at Irwine Binney's career, it seems that at first he tried to follow in his father's footsteps as a business man. I don't think that temperentally he was suited to this, and he switched to working in Customs, a family trade (see Hon. Hibbert Newton Binney and Edward Binney among others).

Irwine Whitty Binney
Family photo

Irwine Binney's obituary says "Educated at the Sackville Academy, New Brunswick, receiving a commercial education. In his younger days he found employment as a clerk in several commerical houses; and from 1861 to 1864, he was a book-keeper in the old establishment and well known lumber firm of Gilmour, Rankin & Co., Miramichi. He also carried on a wholesale business at Chatham N.B. for a few years and afterwards engaged in mining operations in Nova Scotia and Cape Breton in comany with the late Sir Albert J. Smith and others."

The 1865 Hutchinson Directory says that Irwin W. Binney, was living in Water n Henderson Street, Chatham and was a Grocer. The 1867 Hutchinson Directory says that Irwin Binney was living in Church Street, Moncton and that he was a Merchant.

In 1871, Irwine was living with his parents and earning $600 a year (see Stephen Binney's letter). The first letter of Emily Binney of 1874 describe Irwine's "many worries this last Winter" and says "I trust his mining business is going to be a success at last." Irwine's first letter of 1874 sounds as if he is selling the mine, or at least turning it over to other people. This letter also gives a description of Monction ('The Bend').

From Provincial Archives of New Brunswick: Justice of the Peace Appointment Register, 1863-1963; Name BINNEY, IRWIN W.; 4 Nov 1872; County Westmorland.

Irwine's remaining letters were written immediately after his mother's death. He is executor of his Emily's will and sorting out the money matters competently but with quite a bit of worrying. He is obviously greatly upset by his mother's death. He was single at this time (1888) even though he was 46. Later, he married Lucy Milner (see below). They had at least one son, probably two (see below). To judge from his wife's dress and his obituary, Irwine ended up a prosperous and, I hope, happy man. He appears conscientious but anxious, and worried by by other people's inefficiencies. Still, he seems to have looked after people around him. His sister Lucy lived with him until his death. He paid an allowance to an uncle James "for his monthly board" (see Irwin's letters). The second letter of Emily Binney of 1884 even mentions that due to servant problems, Irwine is making up four fires a day before going to the office.

Marriage certificate of Irwine Binney and Lucy Milner 1891

His obituary says "He was appointed a clerk in Her Majesty's Customs at Moncton, N.B. on Dec. 1874 under the late James Robertson who was then collector. On the death of Mr Robertson. Mr. Binney was promoted on Nov. 1, 1883 to the position of Collector of Customs, and this position he held until April 1909, when he retired on a superannuation allowance in that year."

From Genealogy of the Binney Family in the United States collected by Charles J. F. Binney (published in 1886):
Irwine Whitty [Binney], b. July 10, 1841, merchant of Hillsboro, N.B., and in 1873, of Moncton, N.B. In 1886, collector of Customs.

Irwine Binney married Lucy Milner on 8 January 1891. He was 49 at the time and his wife was 40. His marriage certifictae is on the left - click on it for a larger version. This specifies his job as Inspector HMC (Her Majesty's Customs).

From Provincial Archives of New Brunswick:
Albert Maple Leaf of January 15 1891: I.W. BINNEY, Collector of Customs, was married at Sackville, Thursday afternoon, to Miss MILNER, The ceremony took place in St. Paul's church. Rev. C.F. Wiggins, assisted by Rev. J. Roy Campbell officiated. The bridal party took luncheon at the residence of the bride's brother, W.C. MILNER.

Lucy Milner is described on the back of the photo below as the sister of Mrs Ketchum. The first letter of Emily Binney mentions Mrs Ketchum. This is Sarah E. Ketchum, the wife of Henry George Clopper Ketchum. She wrote a letter to George Binney Dibblee, Emily Dibblee's son after Irwine Binney died, which suggests the family disliked Irwine's marriage and his wife (although the only close family left by this point was Lucy Jacobs). The letter also states that it was a very happy marriage.

Family photo - Lucy Milner, his wife
Irwin's wife

The photo on the right was taken at Easter in 1898, and on the back, it describes Hibbert as five years old and Irwine (Jnr.) as two.

Records give their precise dates of birth.
1892 Born - Moncton, 7th June, wife of I.W. Binney, collector of customs, a son. (This must be Hibbert.)
1895 Born - Moncton, May 22nd, to the wife of Irwin W. Binney, collector of customs, a son. (This must be Irwine Junior.)

The obituary of Irwine (Senior) in 1912 says that he has one son, Hibbert. So young Irwine must have died young. He is not in in the 1901 census - no birth or death record found in New Brunswick.

Sarah Ketchum's letter describes Hibbert as "a fine manly good looking fellow, has heaps of friends" and "working with the tramway company". He was about 19 at this time.

Family photo - Irwine's sons (assumed)
Irwine's boys

Facts about Hibbert William Binney

191424 JuneHibbert William Binney crossed the US border at Detroit, Michigan. He was 21, "Herbert W.", born in Moncton, an oil well operator, unmarried; en route to Tulsa, Oklahoma. His mother "Sarah" Binney, in Moncton was his next of kin. Carrying $100. 5’ 10", light brown hair, blue eyes.Picture of H.W.Binney
192528 OctoberHe crossed the US border at Vanceboro, Maine, accompanied by his wife Jean Wright Binney, 30, and son Donald Hibbert, aged 4 ½ . They were en route to his mother-in-law, Mrs. S A Wright, 109 Broad St., Lynn MA, seeking work. His mother Lucy in Fredericton was his Canadian contact. He was a salesman; 5’ 8", blue eyes, light hair. Carrying $400. Wife Jean was 30, born in Salem MA. 5’ 3", blue eyes, brown hair. She had lived in the US from birth to 1919.
1926Lynn Directory. He was a salesman (as Herbert); he and wife were resident at her mother’s address, suite 201.
194019 FebruaryJean Wright Binney became a US citizen. Resident 140 Clifton Ave., Malden MA, aged 39.

Hibbert William Binney's son Donald Hibbert also decided to work in the oil industry. See Article about Don Binney.