Index

Career of Andrew David Geddes


This comes from a family document. The document starts off with a family tree, and goes on to describe the careers of Andrew David Geddes, John Geddes (IV) and John Geddes (V). The whole document was probably written by Emily Geddes, the wife of Andrew Geddes, but the part of Andrew Geddes career sometimes talks of Andrew Geddes in the third person, and sometimes says "I" instead, which suggests that Andrew Geddes contributed as well. The transcript below is a copy of a copy (if not more!) so the copyists may have made mistakes. Apologies for any of mine.

See 27th regiment in the Indian Mutiny for an alternative account of the regiment's time in India, and 27th regiment travelling to Hong Kong.

The description of his regiment's part in the Indian Mutiny, given below, says "the 5th Native Infantry retreated to the hills but were afterwards killed and dispersed by the hill tribes." This sounds similar to an incident in a short story by Kipling called The Lost Legion.

1834ANDREW DAVID GEDDES, born at Aifield parish of Cranston, Midlothian.
1843Educated at High School, Edinburgh, 1843-48.
1848Classes various 1848-1850.
1851Naval & Military Academy Edinburgh 1851-53.
1854Gazetted Ensign 39th Regiment, 6th June 1854.
Joined Depot Cork, 6th August 1854.
Transferred to 27th Regiment, Gazette 18th August 1854.
Granted two months leave. Joined Depot Chatham 1st November 1854.
1855At Canterbury May & June 1855 (Detachment).
Sailed for India 17th July 1855.
Gazetted Lieutenant 7th September 1855.
1856Joined Headquarters 27th Regiment at Sealkote, Punjab 19th February 1856.
At Sealkote till 15th November 1856, when the regiment was ordered to Nowshera near Peshawur. After a march of ..... the regiment reached Nowshera 9th December 1856 and pitched camp and by degrees the men moved into the newly-built barracks. The Officers were alloted compounds and began building Bungalows. On 25th December 1856, the regiment marched for Peshawur to take part in the usual Brigade Drills and Field Days and after 6 marches arrived there and pitched camp on the West side of the Cantonments.
1857Here they remained until January 1857 taking part in all the Reviews and especially one in honour of Dost Mahomed, Ruler of Cabul (Kabul) who (31st December) then paid a short visit to Peshawar; when the regiment returned to Nowshera 11th February 1857. The Officers houses were completed sufficiently to inhabit in March and all looked forward to a hot Summer in quarters, when the breaking out of the Mutiny again set the Inniskillings moving.
On the news of the massacre at Delhi and the revolt of several native regiments being telegraphed on 8th May 1857, on 14th May 1857 the 55th Infantry then in Nowshera were sent out to the Fort of Hoti Murdan (Mardan)and the 27th Regiment marched for Hussen at Dhool on 15th May and a wing of the 27th Regiment matched for Rawil Pindie (Rawalpindi) which they reached 21st May; but in consequence of order from Peshawur they returned next day, 22nd May, by forced marches to Fort Attock which they garrisoned releaving Hd. 24th May. There a detachment of the 55th Native Infantry on Guard at the bridge of the boats had mutinied and joined their comrades at Hoti Murdan. The Fort there was attacked by a force from Peshawur and the 5th Native Infantry retreated to the hills but were afterwards killed and dispersed by the hill tribes. The sick and all the women of the Inniskillings who had till now been at Nowshera were sent to Rawil Pindie, where Lieutenant Geddes was ordered to take command of the Detachment.
On the ... June 1857 two companies of the 24th Regiment, a wing of which had been left at Rawil Pindie were sent to Jherum to disarm the 14th Native Infantry there; on the day of their reaching there the Native Troops in Rawil Pindie consisting of the 55th Native Infantry and two companies 14th Native Infantry were paraded and disarmed. The Native Troops broke off on parade and ran into their lines and shewd fight when pursued. The rest were persuaded to fall in opposite their huts and to deliver up their arms, 4 guns and Det't. 24th & 27th Regiment being formed up in case of resistance.
The troops were still on parade when news came to the Brigadier (Campell) of the desperate fight at Jhelum with the 14th Native Infantry when the Det't 24th Regiment reached there and a re-inforcement of troops was sent to that station.
Lieutenant Geddes remained at Rawil Pindie till November 1857 when the Detachment proceeded to rejoin Headquarters at Nowshera, they having been sent there from Peshawur (1st December 1857). The regiment had suffered severely Peshawur fever and exposure consequent upon the hard work entailed on the men during their stay there. The men's barracks were completed and the Officers' houses and Mess-house were finished building in a month or two after arrival.
1858In the spring of 1859 orders were recived for the regiment to proceed to Umballa (Ambala), to recruit the shattered health of both officers and men by change of climate. Marching on 15th March 1858, the regiment reached Umballa on 25th April and found themselves in very comfortable quarters in one of the most healthy stations in India.
1860There they remained for two years and enjoyed a quiet time taking in brigade drill weekly during cold weather with the 7th Hussars and Khelati-i-Ghilzie Native Infantry under the Major General Sir R.Garrett, K.C.B. I was offered the Adjutancy of the 8th Irregular Cavalry but as I already held the Interpretship of the Inniskillings and preferred serving with them I declined the flattering offer.
The regiment being ordered to Morar Gwallior, marched on 19th November 1860 and passing through Agra and past the fortress of Gwalior reached Morar 16th December.
1861Here the regiment was quartered for more than a year. About a month after I applied for the Adjutancy of the 1st Gwalior Native Infantry and was appointed provisionally by the Brigadier, Acting 2nd in Command on 19th February 1861. Confirmed G.O.C.C. (General Order by Commander in Chief) July 1861.
A wing of the 1st Gwalior Native Infantry being ordered to garrison Sepree about 100 miles south of Morar, I proceeded thither in command detaching two companies to Gandah, a station on the road to Bombay (Mumbai).
On 29th May 1861, I was appointed Adjutant of the Shikhawattee Battalion (afterwards 13th Native Infantry) by H.E. the Commander in Chief, but Brigadier Welchman detained me with the Gwalior Infantry till September when the Detachments rejoined Headquaters at Morar. On arrival here I was provisionally appointed Acting Brigade Major G.O.C.C. October 1861, in addition to my other duties. Two other Officers being appointed 2nd in Command Adjutant of the Gwalior Native Infantry.
1862I was ordered to continue Acting Brigade Major on 11th January 1862 (confirmed by G.O.C.C. 20th April 1862). Hearing that another Brigade Major would soon be appointed, I gave over charge of the Office to Lieutenant S.S.Brind, Adjutant 31st Native Infantry and proceeded to join the 13th Native Infantry at Garnckpare which I reached on 29th March 1862.
1862Continued with them till 6th September 1862 (date of G.O.C.C.) when I vacated the appointment not being willing to join the Staff Corps.
1863In the meantime the Inniskillings had moved to Gandah and after two months leave to Nynee Tal (Nainital) I joined them there on 15th October having been on Staff from 19th February 1861 to 6th September 1863, 2 years and 7 months.
27th Regiment marched from Gandah to Dinapore (Danapur) - 2nd November 1863.
1864A.D.G. (Andrew David Geddes) married 24th November 1864.
1865On Detachment to Berhampore(Baharampur) (regiment marched from Dianpore to Hazainbagh (Hazaribagh), March 1865).
1866Promoted Local Captain 6th September 1866. Promoted Captain Gazette 16th June 1866. Rejoined Headquarters Nubberlud 16th September 1866 & took command of B.Company. On the 27th December 1866, the regiment moved by rail to Calcutta (Kolkata) and steamer to Dum Dum.
1867On Detachment to Fort William, two months, rejoined Headquarters at Dum Dum. Regiment marched by Wings to garrison Fort William on 1st October 1867.
Regiment sailed for England in Screw Troop Ship 'Euphrates', 13th November 1867; arrived at Suez 5th December. Remained there on board to wait transhipment on 2oth December. Crossed desert by rail to Alexandria and embarked in S.T.S.Crocodile 27th December.
1868Landed at Southampton and proceeded by rail (S.E.) to Dover 8th January. On leave 15th February to 15th April. On Detachment to Shorncliffe Camp 22nd June. Rejoined Headquarters at Dover.
1869On leave 1st January to 15th arch 1869. Rejoined Headquarters at Chatham to which the regiment moved on ... On Detachment to Graine Island (2 Col) and rejoined Headquarters.

Record of Service on Staff as Inn.Reg'l Records:-
Acting Interpreter 3rd June 1858 to 3rd March 1861
Apppointed Adjutant by Brigadier Gwalior Native Infantry 19th February 1861, confirmed G.O.C.C. July 1861
Adjutant Gwalior Native Infantry at Galior from 1st April 1861 to 5th October 1861.
Apppointed Adjutant 13th Native Infantry Shikhawattee Battalion 29th May 1861 but did not joing them till 6th May 1862
Acting Brigade Major Gwalior 6th October 1861 - 3rd May 1862.
Adjutant 13th Native Infantry Garnckpore, 5th May 1868 - 6th September 1863

--------------- Correct (signed A.D.G.)---------------


Indian Mutiny 1857/58 (Medal)

The photo on the right was taken from Wikipedia.

Mutiny medal

187720th January. Embarked for Malta with family per S.S.Thebes and joined Headquarters at Malta on 31st January.
1879Sailed with 27th Regiment for Hong Kong.
Promoted Lieutenant Colonel 28th January 1880.
1882Sailed with 27th Regiment to Singapore.
1884Promoted to Colonel 28th January 1884.
Placed on half pay 28th January 1884. Sailed for England.
Appointed to command 83rd Regimental District Belfast 18th August, 1884.

Andrew David Geddes died in 1888.




From the London Gazette

Andrew David Geddes to Ensign
Andrew David Geddes to Ensign
Andrew David Geddes to Captain
Andrew David Geddes to Major
Andrew David Geddes to Lt.Colonel
Andrew David Geddes to command 83rd



Recommendation for India Mutiny medal

Andrew's Geddes' recommendation to receive India Mutiny Medal




From The new annual army list, militia list, and Indian civil service list (1880)

Army list 1880

Sketch by Andrew David Geddes