Gospels comparison index

The Crucifixion

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MatthewMarkLukeJohn
Jesus is taken before the High Priest ****
Peter denies Jesus ****
Judas kills himself *
Jesus is taken before Pilate ****
Jesus is taken before Herod *
Barabbas ****
Before the crucifixion ** *
Jesus is crucified ****
The mocking of Jesus ****
Jesus dies ****
Jesus is taken down from the cross ****

Matthew

Mark

Luke

John

Jesus is taken before the High Priest

Matthew 26.57 And they that had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled.

26.59 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death; 26.60 But found none: yea, though many false witnesses came, yet found they none. At the last came two false witnesses, 26.61 And said, This fellow said, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days. 26.62 And the high priest arose, and said unto him, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee? 26.63 But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God. 26.64 Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. 26.65 Then the high priest rent his clothes, saying, He hath spoken blasphemy; what further need have we of witnesses? behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy. 26.66 What think ye? They answered and said, He is guilty of death. 26.67 Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands, 26.68 Saying, Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, Who is he that smote thee?
Mark 14.53 And they led Jesus away to the high priest: and with him were assembled all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes.

14.55 And the chief priests and all the council sought for witness against Jesus to put him to death; and found none. 14.56 For many bare false witness against him, but their witness agreed not together. 14.57 And there arose certain, and bare false witness against him, saying, 14.58 We heard him say, I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands. 14.59 But neither so did their witness agree together. 14.60 And the high priest stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee? 14.61 But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him, and said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed? 14.62 And Jesus said, I am: and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. 14.63 Then the high priest rent his clothes, and saith, What need we any further witnesses? 14.64 Ye have heard the blasphemy: what think ye? And they all condemned him to be guilty of death. 14.65 And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say unto him, Prophesy: and the servants did strike him with the palms of their hands.
Luke 22.54 Then took they him, and led him, and brought him into the high priest's house. And Peter followed afar off.

22.63 And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and smote him. 22.64 And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that smote thee? 22.65 And many other things blasphemously spake they against him. 22.66 And as soon as it was day, the elders of the people and the chief priests and the scribes came together, and led him into their council, saying, 22.67 Art thou the Christ? tell us. And he said unto them, If I tell you, ye will not believe: 22.68 And if I also ask you, ye will not answer me, nor let me go. 22.69 Hereafter shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God. 22.70 Then said they all, Art thou then the Son of God? And he said unto them, Ye say that I am. 22.71 And they said, What need we any further witness? for we ourselves have heard of his own mouth.

1504 Green Passion: Christ before Caiaphas (detail) by Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528)

John 18.12 Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him, 18.13 And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year. 18.14 Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.

18.19 The high priest then asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine. 18.20 Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing. 18.21 Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me, what I have said unto them: behold, they know what I said. 18.22 And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so? 18.23 Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me? 18.24 Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest. 18.28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.

Peter denies Jesus

Matthew 26.58 But Peter followed him afar off unto the high priest's palace, and went in, and sat with the servants, to see the end.

26.69 Now Peter sat without in the palace: and a damsel came unto him, saying, Thou also wast with Jesus of Galilee. 26.70 But he denied before them all, saying, I know not what thou sayest. 26.71 And when he was gone out into the porch, another maid saw him, and said unto them that were there, This fellow was also with Jesus of Nazareth. 26.72 And again he denied with an oath, I do not know the man. 26.73 And after a while came unto him they that stood by, and said to Peter, Surely thou also art one of them; for thy speech bewrayeth thee. 26.74 Then began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew. 26.75 And Peter remembered the word of Jesus, which said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. And he went out, and wept bitterly.
Mark 14.54 And Peter followed him afar off, even into the palace of the high priest: and he sat with the servants, and warmed himself at the fire.

14.66 And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there cometh one of the maids of the high priest: 14.67 And when she saw Peter warming himself, she looked upon him, and said, And thou also wast with Jesus of Nazareth. 14.68 But he denied, saying, I know not, neither understand I what thou sayest. And he went out into the porch; and the cock crew. 14.69 And a maid saw him again, and began to say to them that stood by, This is one of them. 14.70 And he denied it again. And a little after, they that stood by said again to Peter, Surely thou art one of them: for thou art a Galilaean, and thy speech agreeth thereto. 14.71 But he began to curse and to swear, saying, I know not this man of whom ye speak. 14.72 And the second time the cock crew. And Peter called to mind the word that Jesus said unto him, Before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. And when he thought thereon, he wept.
Luke 22.55 And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall, and were set down together, Peter sat down among them. 22.56 But a certain maid beheld him as he sat by the fire, and earnestly looked upon him, and said, This man was also with him. 22.57 And he denied him, saying, Woman, I know him not. 22.58 And after a little while another saw him, and said, Thou art also of them. And Peter said, Man, I am not. 22.59 And about the space of one hour after another confidently affirmed, saying, Of a truth this fellow also was with him: for he is a Galilaean. 22.60 And Peter said, Man, I know not what thou sayest. And immediately, while he yet spake, the cock crew. 22.61 And the Lord turned, and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. 22.62 And Peter went out, and wept bitterly. John 18.15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest. 18.16 But Peter stood at the door without. Then went out that other disciple, which was known unto the high priest, and spake unto her that kept the door, and brought in Peter. 18.17 Then saith the damsel that kept the door unto Peter, Art not thou also one of this man's disciples? He saith, I am not. 18.18 And the servants and officers stood there, who had made a fire of coals; for it was cold: and they warmed themselves: and Peter stood with them, and warmed himself.

18.25 And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. They said therefore unto him, Art not thou also one of his disciples? He denied it, and said, I am not. 18.26 One of the servants of the high priest, being his kinsman whose ear Peter cut off, saith, Did not I see thee in the garden with him? 18.27 Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew.

1610 The Denial of St Peter by Caravaggio (1571-1610)

Matthew

Judas kills himself

Matthew 27.3 Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, 27.4 Saying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. And they said, What is that to us? see thou to that. 27.5 And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself. 27.6 And the chief priests took the silver pieces, and said, It is not lawful for to put them into the treasury, because it is the price of blood. 27.7 And they took counsel, and bought with them the potter's field, to bury strangers in. 27.8 Wherefore that field was called, The field of blood, unto this day. 27.9 Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value; 27.10 And gave them for the potter's field, as the Lord appointed me.

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Jesus is taken before Pilate

Matthew 27.1 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death: 27.2 And when they had bound him, they led him away, and delivered him to Pontius Pilate the governor. 27.11 And Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest. 27.12 And when he was accused of the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing. 27.13 Then said Pilate unto him, Hearest thou not how many things they witness against thee? 27.14 And he answered him to never a word; insomuch that the governor marvelled greatly. Mark 15.1 And straightway in the morning the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council, and bound Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate. 15.2 And Pilate asked him, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answering said unto him, Thou sayest it. 15.3 And the chief priests accused him of many things: but he answered nothing. 15.4 And Pilate asked him again, saying, Answerest thou nothing? behold how many things they witness against thee. 15.5 But Jesus yet answered nothing; so that Pilate marvelled. Luke 23.1 And the whole multitude of them arose, and led him unto Pilate. 23.2 And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King. 23.3 And Pilate asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answered him and said, Thou sayest it. 23.4 Then said Pilate to the chief priests and to the people, I find no fault in this man. 23.5 And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this place. 23.6 When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man were a Galilaean. John 18.29 Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man? 18.30 They answered and said unto him, If he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him up unto thee. 18.31 Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. The Jews therefore said unto him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death: 18.32 That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die. 18.33 Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the King of the Jews? 18.34 Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me? 18.35 Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered thee unto me: what hast thou done? 18.36 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence. 18.37 Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice.

Pilate Washing his Hands by Jan Lievens (1607-1674)

Luke

Jesus is taken before Herod

Luke 23.7 And as soon as he knew that he belonged unto Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time. 23.8 And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceeding glad: for he was desirous to see him of a long season, because he had heard many things of him; and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by him. 23.9 Then he questioned with him in many words; but he answered him nothing. 23.10 And the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused him. 23.11 And Herod with his men of war set him at nought, and mocked him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate. 23.12 And the same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they were at enmity between themselves.

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Barabbas

Matthew 27.15 Now at that feast the governor was wont to release unto the people a prisoner, whom they would. 27.16 And they had then a notable prisoner, called Barabbas. 27.17 Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ? 27.18 For he knew that for envy they had delivered him. 27.19 When he was set down on the judgment seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou nothing to do with that just man: for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him. 27.20 But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus. 27.21 The governor answered and said unto them, Whether of the twain will ye that I release unto you? They said, Barabbas. 27.22 Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ? They all say unto him, Let him be crucified. 27.23 And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified. 27.24 When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it. 27.25 Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children. 27.26 Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified. Mark 15.6 Now at that feast he released unto them one prisoner, whomsoever they desired. 15.7 And there was one named Barabbas, which lay bound with them that had made insurrection with him, who had committed murder in the insurrection. 15.8 And the multitude crying aloud began to desire him to do as he had ever done unto them. 15.9 But Pilate answered them, saying, Will ye that I release unto you the King of the Jews? 15.10 For he knew that the chief priests had delivered him for envy. 15.11 But the chief priests moved the people, that he should rather release Barabbas unto them. 15.12 And Pilate answered and said again unto them, What will ye then that I shall do unto him whom ye call the King of the Jews? 15.13 And they cried out again, Crucify him. 15.14 Then Pilate said unto them, Why, what evil hath he done? And they cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify him. 15.15 And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him, to be crucified. Luke 23.13 And Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people, 23.14 Said unto them, Ye have brought this man unto me, as one that perverteth the people: and, behold, I, having examined him before you, have found no fault in this man touching those things whereof ye accuse him: 23.15 No, nor yet Herod: for I sent you to him; and, lo, nothing worthy of death is done unto him. 23.16 I will therefore chastise him, and release him. 23.17 (For of necessity he must release one unto them at the feast.) 23.18 And they cried out all at once, saying, Away with this man, and release unto us Barabbas: 23.19 (Who for a certain sedition made in the city, and for murder, was cast into prison.) 23.20 Pilate therefore, willing to release Jesus, spake again to them. 23.21 But they cried, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. 23.22 And he said unto them the third time, Why, what evil hath he done? I have found no cause of death in him: I will therefore chastise him, and let him go. 23.23 And they were instant with loud voices, requiring that he might be crucified. And the voices of them and of the chief priests prevailed. 23.24 And Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they required. 23.25 And he released unto them him that for sedition and murder was cast into prison, whom they had desired; but he delivered Jesus to their will. John 18.38 Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all. 18.39 But ye have a custom, that I should release unto you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews? 18.40 Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.

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Before the crucifixion

Matthew 27.27 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers. 27.28 And they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe. 27.29 And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews! 27.30 And they spit upon him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head. 27.31 And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him. Mark 15.16 And the soldiers led him away into the hall, called Praetorium; and they call together the whole band. 15.17 And they clothed him with purple, and platted a crown of thorns, and put it about his head, 15.18 And began to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews! 15.19 And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing their knees worshipped him. 15.20 And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him. John 19.1 Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him. 19.2 And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe, 19.3 And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote him with their hands. 19.4 Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him. 19.5 Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them, Behold the man! 19.6 When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him: for I find no fault in him. 19.7 The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God. 19.8 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid; 19.9 And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer. 19.10 Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee? 19.11 Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin. 19.12 And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar's friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar. 19.13 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha. 19.14 And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King! 19.15 But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priest answered, We have no king but Caesar.

1475-80 Ecce Homo by Hieronymus Bosch(c.1450-1516)

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Jesus is crucified

Matthew 27.32 And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross. 27.33 And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull, 27.34 They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink. 27.35 And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots. 27.36 And sitting down they watched him there; Mark 15.21 And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross. 15.22 And they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, The place of a skull. 15.23 And they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh: but he received it not. 15.24 And when they had crucified him, they parted his garments, casting lots upon them, what every man should take. 15.25 And it was the third hour, and they crucified him. Luke 23.26 And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus. 23.27 And there followed him a great company of people, and of women, which also bewailed and lamented him. 23.28 But Jesus turning unto them said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children. 23.29 For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck. 23.30 Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us. 23.31 For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry? 23.32 And there were also two other, malefactors, led with him to be put to death. 23.33 And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left. 23.34 Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots. John 19.16 Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away. 19.17 And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha: 19.18 Where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst.

19.23 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also his coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. 19.24 They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did.

1564 Christ Carrying the Cross by Pieter Bruegel the Elder (c.1525-1569)

The mocking of Jesus

Matthew 27.37 And set up over his head his accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS. 27.38 Then were there two thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand, and another on the left. 27.39 And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads, 27.40 And saying, Thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself. If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross. 27.41 Likewise also the chief priests mocking him, with the scribes and elders, said, 27.42 He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him. 27.43 He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God. 27.44 The thieves also, which were crucified with him, cast the same in his teeth. Mark 15.26 And the superscription of his accusation was written over, THE KING OF THE JEWS. 15.27 And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on his right hand, and the other on his left. 15.28 And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors. 15.29 And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, 15.30 Save thyself, and come down from the cross. 15.31 Likewise also the chief priests mocking said among themselves with the scribes, He saved others; himself he cannot save. 15.32 Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him reviled him. Luke 23.35 And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided him, saying, He saved others; let him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God. 23.36 And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar, 23.37 And saying, If thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself. 23.38 And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS. 23.39 And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us. 23.40 But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation? 23.41 And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss. 23.42 And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom. 23.43 And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise. John 19.19 And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. 19.20 This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin. 19.21 Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews. 19.22 Pilate answered, What I have written I have written.

Jesus dies

Matthew 27.45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour. 27.46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? 27.47 Some of them that stood there, when they heard that, said, This man calleth for Elias. 27.48 And straightway one of them ran, and took a spunge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink. 27.49 The rest said, Let be, let us see whether Elias will come to save him. 27.50 Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. 27.51 And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent; 27.52 And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, 27.53 And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many. 27.54 Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of God. 27.55 And many women were there beholding afar off, which followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering unto him: 27.56 Among which was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee's children. Mark 15.33 And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour. 15.34 And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? 15.35 And some of them that stood by, when they heard it, said, Behold, he calleth Elias. 15.36 And one ran and filled a spunge full of vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink, saying, Let alone; let us see whether Elias will come to take him down. 15.37 And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost. 15.38 And the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom. 15.39 And when the centurion, which stood over against him, saw that he so cried out, and gave up the ghost, he said, Truly this man was the Son of God. 15.40 There were also women looking on afar off: among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the less and of Joses, and Salome; 15.41 (Who also, when he was in Galilee, followed him, and ministered unto him;) and many other women which came up with him unto Jerusalem. Luke 23.44 And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour. 23.45 And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst. 23.46 And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost. 23.47 Now when the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, Certainly this was a righteous man. 23.48 And all the people that came together to that sight, beholding the things which were done, smote their breasts, and returned. 23.49 And all his acquaintance, and the women that followed him from Galilee, stood afar off, beholding these things. John 19.25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. 19.26 When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son! 19.27 Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home. 19.28 After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst. 19.29 Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth. 19.30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost. 19.31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. 19.32 Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him. 19.33 But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs: 19.34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water. 19.35 And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe. 19.36 For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken. 19.37 And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.

1304-06 Crucifixion by Giotto di Bondone (1267-1337)

Jesus is taken down from the cross

Matthew 27.57 When the even was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus' disciple: 27.58 He went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered. 27.59 And when Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, 27.60 And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed. 27.61 And there was Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, sitting over against the sepulchre. 27.62 Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate, 27.63 Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. 27.64 Command therefore that the sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first. 27.65 Pilate said unto them, Ye have a watch: go your way, make it as sure as ye can. 27.66 So they went, and made the sepulchre sure, sealing the stone, and setting a watch. Mark 15.42 And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, 15.43 Joseph of Arimathaea, and honourable counseller, which also waited for the kingdom of God, came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus. 15.44 And Pilate marvelled if he were already dead: and calling unto him the centurion, he asked him whether he had been any while dead. 15.45 And when he knew it of the centurion, he gave the body to Joseph. 15.46 And he bought fine linen, and took him down, and wrapped him in the linen, and laid him in a sepulchre which was hewn out of a rock, and rolled a stone unto the door of the sepulchre. 15.47 And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses beheld where he was laid. Luke 23.50 And, behold, there was a man named Joseph, a counseller; and he was a good man, and a just: 23.51 (The same had not consented to the counsel and deed of them;) he was of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews: who also himself waited for the kingdom of God. 23.52 This man went unto Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. 23.53 And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid. 23.54 And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on. 23.55 And the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulchre, and how his body was laid. 23.56 And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment. John 19.38 And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus. 19.39 And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight. 19.40 Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury. 19.41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid. 19.42 There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews' preparation day; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand.

1499 Pietà by Michelangelo (1475-1564)