Gospels comparison index

Sermon on the Mount

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MatthewMarkLukeJohn
Introduction * *
Beatitudes * *
The law * *
Killing and adultery *
Divorce * *
Swearing *
Love your enemy * *
Alms and fasting *
Treasures * *
The light of the body * *
The lilies of the field * *
The mote in the eye * *
Ask and it shall be given * *
Enter by the strait gate * *
A tree is known by its fruits * *
A house's foundations * *
Conclusion *
1481-82 Sermon on the Mount (detail) by Cosimo Rosselli (1439-c.1507)

Matthew

Luke

Introduction

Matthew 4.23 And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all manner of sickness and all manner of disease among the people. 4.24 And his fame went throughout all Syria: and they brought unto him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments, and those which were possessed with devils, and those which were lunatick, and those that had the palsy; and he healed them. 4.25 And there followed him great multitudes of people from Galilee, and from Decapolis, and from Jerusalem, and from Judaea, and from beyond Jordan. 5.1 And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came unto him: Luke 6.17 And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judaea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases; 6.18 And they that were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed. 6.19 And the whole multitude sought to touch him: for there went virtue out of him, and healed them all.

The Beatitudes

Matthew 5.2 And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying,
5.3 Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
5.4 Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted.
5.5 Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth.
5.6 Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.
5.7 Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.
5.8 Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God.
5.9 Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God.
5.10 Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
5.11 Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake.
5.12 Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.
Luke 6.20 And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed be ye poor: for yours is the kingdom of God.
6.21 Blessed are ye that hunger now: for ye shall be filled. Blessed are ye that weep now: for ye shall laugh.
6.22 Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you from their company, and shall reproach you, and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man's sake.
6.23 Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for joy: for, behold, your reward is great in heaven: for in the like manner did their fathers unto the prophets.

6.24 But woe unto you that are rich! for ye have received your consolation.
6.25 Woe unto you that are full! for ye shall hunger. Woe unto you that laugh now! for ye shall mourn and weep.
6.26 Woe unto you, when all men shall speak well of you! for so did their fathers to the false prophets.

The law

Matthew 5.17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. 5.18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. 5.19 Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 5.20 For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven. Luke 16.14 And the Pharisees also, who were covetous, heard all these things: and they derided him. 16.15 And he said unto them, Ye are they which justify yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God. 16.16 The law and the prophets were until John: since that time the kingdom of God is preached, and every man presseth into it. 16.17 And it is easier for heaven and earth to pass, than one tittle of the law to fail.

Matthew

Killing and adultery

5.21 Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment: 5.22 But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire. 5.23 Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath ought against thee; 5.24 Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift. 5.25 Agree with thine adversary quickly, whiles thou art in the way with him; lest at any time the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into prison. 5.26 Verily I say unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou hast paid the uttermost farthing.

5.27 Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery: 5.28 But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.

5.29 And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell. 5.30 And if thy right hand offend thee, cut if off, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.

Matthew

Luke

Divorce

Matthew 5.31 It hath been said, Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement: 5.32 But I say unto you, That whosoever shall put away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, causeth her to commit adultery: and whosoever shall marry her that is divorced committeth adultery. Luke 16.18 Whosoever putteth away his wife, and marrieth another, committeth adultery: and whosoever marrieth her that is put away from her husband committeth adultery.

Matthew

Swearing

5.33 Again, ye have heard that it hath been said by them of old time, Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt perform unto the Lord thine oaths: 5.34 But I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God's throne: 5.35 Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King. 5.36 Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, because thou canst not make one hair white or black. 5.37 But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil.

Matthew

Luke

Love your enemy

Matthew 5.38 Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth: 5.39 But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also. 5.40 And if any man will sue thee at the law, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloke also. 5.41 And whosoever shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him twain. 5.42 Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away.

5.43 Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy. 5.44 But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you; 5.45 That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust. 5.46 For if ye love them which love you, what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the same? 5.47 And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more than others? do not even the publicans so?

5.48 Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.
Luke 6.27 But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you, 6.28 Bless them that curse you, and pray for them which despitefully use you. 6.29 And unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the other; and him that taketh away thy cloke forbid not to take thy coat also. 6.30 Give to every man that asketh of thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask them not again.

6.31 And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise. 6.32 For if ye love them which love you, what thank have ye? for sinners also love those that love them. 6.33 And if ye do good to them which do good to you, what thank have ye? for sinners also do even the same. 6.34 And if ye lend to them of whom ye hope to receive, what thank have ye? for sinners also lend to sinners, to receive as much again. 6.35 But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and to the evil.

6.36 Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful.

Matthew

Alms and fasting

Matthew 6.1 Take heed that ye do not your alms before men, to be seen of them: otherwise ye have no reward of your Father which is in heaven. 6.2 Therefore when thou doest thine alms, do not sound a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may have glory of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward. 6.3 But when thou doest alms, let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth: 6.4 That thine alms may be in secret: and thy Father which seeth in secret himself shall reward thee openly.

Matthew 6.16 Moreover when ye fast, be not, as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance: for they disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men to fast. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward. 6.17 But thou, when thou fastest, anoint thine head, and wash thy face; 6.18 That thou appear not unto men to fast, but unto thy Father which is in secret: and thy Father, which seeth in secret, shall reward thee openly.

Matthew

Luke

Treasures

Matthew 6.19 Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal: 6.20 But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal: 6.21 For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also. Luke 12.32 Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom. 12.33 Sell that ye have, and give alms; provide yourselves bags which wax not old, a treasure in the heavens that faileth not, where no thief approacheth, neither moth corrupteth. 12.34 For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.

The light of the body

Matthew 6.22 The light of the body is the eye: if therefore thine eye be single, thy whole body shall be full of light. 6.23 But if thine eye be evil, thy whole body shall be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in thee be darkness, how great is that darkness! Luke 11.33 No man, when he hath lighted a candle, putteth it in a secret place, neither under a bushel, but on a candlestick, that they which come in may see the light. 11.34 The light of the body is the eye: therefore when thine eye is single, thy whole body also is full of light; but when thine eye is evil, thy body also is full of darkness. 11.35 Take heed therefore that the light which is in thee be not darkness. 11.36 If thy whole body therefore be full of light, having no part dark, the whole shall be full of light, as when the bright shining of a candle doth give thee light.

The lilies of the field

Matthew 6.24 No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.

6.25 Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on. Is not the life more than meat, and the body than raiment? 6.26 Behold the fowls of the air: for they sow not, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feedeth them. Are ye not much better than they? 6.27 Which of you by taking thought can add one cubit unto his stature? 6.28 And why take ye thought for raiment? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow; they toil not, neither do they spin: 6.29 And yet I say unto you, That even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these. 6.30 Wherefore, if God so clothe the grass of the field, which to day is, and to morrow is cast into the oven, shall he not much more clothe you, O ye of little faith? 6.31 Therefore take no thought, saying, What shall we eat? or, What shall we drink? or, Wherewithal shall we be clothed? 6.32 (For after all these things do the Gentiles seek:) for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all these things. 6.33 But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you. 6.34 Take therefore no thought for the morrow: for the morrow shall take thought for the things of itself. Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof.
Luke 16.13 No servant can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.

Luke 12.22 And he said unto his disciples, Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat; neither for the body, what ye shall put on. 12.23 The life is more than meat, and the body is more than raiment. 12.24 Consider the ravens: for they neither sow nor reap; which neither have storehouse nor barn; and God feedeth them: how much more are ye better than the fowls? 12.25 And which of you with taking thought can add to his stature one cubit? 12.26 If ye then be not able to do that thing which is least, why take ye thought for the rest? 12.27 Consider the lilies how they grow: they toil not, they spin not; and yet I say unto you, that Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these. 12.28 If then God so clothe the grass, which is to day in the field, and to morrow is cast into the oven; how much more will he clothe you, O ye of little faith? 12.29 And seek not ye what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, neither be ye of doubtful mind. 12.30 For all these things do the nations of the world seek after: and your Father knoweth that ye have need of these things. 12.31 But rather seek ye the kingdom of God; and all these things shall be added unto you.

The mote in the eye

Matthew7.1 Judge not, that ye be not judged. 7.2 For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again. 7.3 And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye, but considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye? 7.4 Or how wilt thou say to thy brother, Let me pull out the mote out of thine eye; and, behold, a beam is in thine own eye? 7.5 Thou hypocrite, first cast out the beam out of thine own eye; and then shalt thou see clearly to cast out the mote out of thy brother's eye.

7.6 Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn again and rend you.
Luke 6.37 Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forgiven: 6.38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again. 6.39 And he spake a parable unto them, Can the blind lead the blind? shall they not both fall into the ditch? 6.40 The disciple is not above his master: but every one that is perfect shall be as his master. 6.41 And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye, but perceivest not the beam that is in thine own eye? 6.42 Either how canst thou say to thy brother, Brother, let me pull out the mote that is in thine eye, when thou thyself beholdest not the beam that is in thine own eye? Thou hypocrite, cast out first the beam out of thine own eye, and then shalt thou see clearly to pull out the mote that is in thy brother's eye.

Ask and it shall be given

Matthew 7.7 Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you: 7.8 For every one that asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened. 7.9 Or what man is there of you, whom if his son ask bread, will he give him a stone? 7.10 Or if he ask a fish, will he give him a serpent? 7.11 If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your Father which is in heaven give good things to them that ask him? 7.12 Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets. 7.14 Because strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it. Luke 11.9 And I say unto you, Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you. 11.10 For every one that asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened. 11.11 If a son shall ask bread of any of you that is a father, will he give him a stone? or if he ask a fish, will he for a fish give him a serpent? 11.12 Or if he shall ask an egg, will he offer him a scorpion? 11.13 If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?

Enter by the strait gate

Matthew 7.13 Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to destruction, and many there be which go in thereat: Luke 13.23 Then said one unto him, Lord, are there few that be saved? And he said unto them, 13.24 Strive to enter in at the strait gate: for many, I say unto you, will seek to enter in, and shall not be able. 13.25 When once the master of the house is risen up, and hath shut to the door, and ye begin to stand without, and to knock at the door, saying, Lord, Lord, open unto us; and he shall answer and say unto you, I know you not whence ye are: 13.26 Then shall ye begin to say, We have eaten and drunk in thy presence, and thou hast taught in our streets. 13.27 But he shall say, I tell you, I know you not whence ye are; depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity. 13.28 There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you yourselves thrust out. 13.29 And they shall come from the east, and from the west, and from the north, and from the south, and shall sit down in the kingdom of God. 13.30 And, behold, there are last which shall be first, and there are first which shall be last.

A tree is known by its fruits

Matthew 7.15 Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves. 7.16 Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? 7.17 Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit. 7.18 A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. 7.19 Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. 7.20 Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them. Luke 6.43 For a good tree bringeth not forth corrupt fruit; neither doth a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. 6.44 For every tree is known by his own fruit. For of thorns men do not gather figs, nor of a bramble bush gather they grapes. 6.45 A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh.

A house's foundations

Matthew 7.21 Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. 7.22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? 7.23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity. 7.24 Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock: 7.25 And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not: for it was founded upon a rock. 7.26 And every one that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand: 7.27 And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell: and great was the fall of it. Luke 6.46 And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say? 6.47 Whosoever cometh to me, and heareth my sayings, and doeth them, I will shew you to whom he is like: 6.48 He is like a man which built an house, and digged deep, and laid the foundation on a rock: and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently upon that house, and could not shake it: for it was founded upon a rock. 6.49 But he that heareth, and doeth not, is like a man that without a foundation built an house upon the earth; against which the stream did beat vehemently, and immediately it fell; and the ruin of that house was great.

Conclusion

Matthew 7.28 And it came to pass, when Jesus had ended these sayings, the people were astonished at his doctrine: 7.29 For he taught them as one having authority, and not as the scribes.