Edward III

Previous king: Edward II (father)       Reigned: 1327-1377       Next king: Richard II (grandson)

Edward III The Black Prince Edward III was fourteen years old when he was crowned king, so his mother Isabella and a powerful noble called Mortimer ruled England for him. But when Edward was eighteen years old, he took control, and executed Mortimer for murdering his father.

Edward had a claim to the French throne through his mother, although the French did not want an English king, and chose a king of their own. Edward declared war on the French king in 1337 which started a war called the Hundred Year's War, since it carried on until the reign of Henry VI. Edward and his son the Black Prince (see right) were successful, especially at the Battle of Crecy in 1346, and the Battle of Poitiers, in 1356. But France was too big for the English to keep, which was why the war went on for so long.

In 1348 the Black Death reached England. This was a terrifying plague which killed a third of the population of Europe.

Edward reigned for 50 years. His son the Black Prince died before him, so the next king was the Black Prince's son, Richard II.

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