Previous king: Edward VII (father)
Next king: Edward VIII (son)
George V changed his personal name from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor. This was because the German name was unpopular during World War I. This means a new dynasty, the House of Windsor, which has continued up to the present.
Lloyd George brought in pensions for the elderly in the People's Budget of 1909.
The main event of George's reign was World War I (1914-1918). The Allied Powers (led by the United Kingdom, France, Russia until 1917, and the United States after 1917), defeated the Central Powers (led by the German Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Ottoman Empire). Millions died in this war, and many were traumatised by life in the trenches. Those killed in the war are remembered in memorials throughout Britain (see right). After the war, an outbreak of influenza known as the Spanish Flu killed more people than the war had.
Women had been campaigning for the vote for some time as part of the Suffragette Movement. Women had taken on many jobs during the war as their men went to fight. In 1918, some women were granted the vote, but it was not until 1928 that everyone over 21 was allowed to vote (except for prisoners, madmen and the House of Lords).
The Great Depression occurred in the 1920's and into the 1930's. There was widespread unemployment and poverty. In 1936, men matched from Jarrow to London to lobby Parliament. This was the Jarrow March.
In 1922, the Anglo-Irish Treaty meant that Southern Ireland became an independent country. Northern Ireland remained within the United Kingdom.
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