James II

Previous king: Charles II (brother)       Reigned: 1685-1688       Next monarchs: William III and Mary II (Mary was James's daughter)

James II Duke of Monmouth James II was a Roman Catholic. This made him unpopular. In 1685, there was a rebellion by the Duke of Monmouth (see left), but he was defeated at the Battle of Sedgemoor. His supporters were brutally punished by Judge Jeffreys. James appointed Roman Catholics to important posts.

In 1688, William, Prince of Orange (later William III) was invited to become king of England. James II fled, but both he and his successors attempted to take back the crown later.

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