Previous king: Henry I (uncle)       Reigned: 1135-1154       Next king: Henry II (grandson of Henry I)

Stephen Matilda Henry I had appointed his daughter Matilda (see right) as his heir. After Henry's death, many of the nobles decided that they did not want a Queen, and supported Henry's nephew Stephen (see left) as king instead. This lead to civil war, as some nobles remained loyal to Matilda.

Stephen's son died, and eventually the war was stopped by Stephen accepting Matilda's son, Henry (later Henry II) as his heir.

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