Battles involving England - War of 1812
Songs connected with the War of 1812
Britain was already at war with France, the Napoleonic wars. Britain tried to stop America trading with France. British ships stopped American ships to search for deserters. Finally, Britain was supporting American Indians who were offering armed resistance to the expansion of the American frontier to the Northwest. During the course of the war, both the Americans and British launched invasions of each other's territory, all of which were unsuccessful or gained only temporary success.
In 1814, a series of British raids on the shores of Chesapeake Bay included an attack on Washington, D.C., which resulted in the British burning of the White House, the Capitol, the Navy Yard, and other public buildings. The British also attempted to attack Baltimore by sea on September 13 but were unable to reduce Fort McHenry, at the entrance to Baltimore Harbor. The fort was bombarded for 25 hours.The defence of the fort inspired the American lawyer Francis Scott Key to write a poem that would eventually supply the lyrics to "The Star-Spangled Banner", the national anthem of the United States of America.
Battle of New Orleans 1815 (location)
Once Britain defeated France in 1814, it ended the trade restrictions and impressment of American sailors. Both Great Britain and the United States agreed to a peace that left the prewar boundaries intact. News of the peace treaty took two months to reach the U.S., during which fighting continued. In this interim, the Americans defeated a British invasion army in the Battle of New Orleans.
"Ruins of the U.S. Capitol following British attempts to burn the building" by George Munger, 1814
The Star Spangled Banner
Lyrics by Francis Scott Key, 1814
Oh, say! can you see by the dawn's early light
On the shore, dimly seen through the mists of the deep,
And where is that band who so vauntingly swore
Oh, thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand
Battle of New Orleans
Lyrics by Jimmie Driftwood in 1959
In 1814 we took a little trip
We looked down the river and we see'd the British come
Old Hick'ry said we could take 'em by su'prise
Yeah! they ran through the briars and they ran through the brambles
We fired our cannon till the barrel melted down
Wikipedia (external site) for further information - Battles index