These patterns are taken from 'Le Thresor des Parterres de l'universe', by Daniel Loris and published in 1629. These are on the web here, and the whole book here. The under-and-overs would be sculpted in hedging (see right for an example). I have assumed that the spaces between are gravel, and I have coloured this is various ways to show up the knots. They could be filled with flowers, or be grass. Some of these patterns have little houses in the middle. I've coloured them all grey, as I can't quite make out the details, and this website is more interested in the knot patterns.