|To draw this example, I used the double strand technique. The Isle of Man stone carvings seem to use double strands quite often. I suspect that this is because they can be easier than single strands. You mark out the central line where you wish the line to go, then put the outer edges on both sides.|
|This design is unique to the Isle of Man. It's interesting to work out the overlapping shapes. The colouring to the right gives one possibility - three strings with loops in - a very complex pattern. But if you look at the part that gets repeated (see right), you'll see that it's very short! The pattern appears on several crosses, Gaut's cross-slab from Michael, Olaf Liotulfson's cross at Ballaugh and Sandulf's cross-slab at Andreas.|
|For this motif, I used the colour technique. The small 'ears' on this design give a pleasant flourish. It is a little similar to the previous pattern. It comes from the Kirk Michael Dragon Cross.|
|Here are two patterns using the same idea, but handled in different ways. The design on the left is loose, and double stranded. Each ring goes under and over the same way. The design on the right is single stranded and has close rings. One string is always on top of the other, which means that rings go different directions. It shows there isn't a right way of doing a Celtic knot! The knot on the right is on Sandulf's Cross and Joalf's Cross.|
|This pattern could have inspired the Isle of Man's legs.|
|This elaborate knot is repeated, and could be continued indefinitely. Each part is the same, not a mirror image. It is made up of loops rather than continuous string.|
|Some of these designs are just part of a larger pattern, like this one, an elegant top.|
|This splendid circular knot is on the Calf of Man cross.|
|These designs come from carved stones in Kirk Orchan porch.|
These are from the Mal Lumkun cross at Kirk Michael.
Simple plaits are common.|
These are from the Kirk Lonan wheel-headed cross-slab.
Links to other websitesManx National Museum
Isle of Man guide - scroll down for stone crosses.
The Manx crosses illuminated by Mayreen Costain Richards