Celtic Knots from Northumberland

In 2004, I visited Newcastle-on-Tyne. These are patterns from the Alnmouth stone cross, early 10th century. It is in the Museum of Antiquities, in the University of Newcastle. It was discovered in 1789 by the Rev. J. Brand 'near the ruins of the old church, commonly called "Woden's church" at Alemouth'.

The knots are all made of single strands. This is harder than double strands, as in Manx and Welsh stone carved crosses.
knot This is all one string, but I have coloured it in four colours so you can see how the different parts of the knot tie together. The colours (starting from the middle) go pink, blue, Pale blue, red, and back to pink again. This pattern makes me think of paperclips, somehow. knot
knot There are two strings here. I have coloured one red, and the other in blues and purples. The original has smoother curves, and the red ring is circular. knot
knot This has four strings. The original is badly worn and there are pieces missing, but I think this is the pattern. knot
knot There is only one string, coloured (starting from the centre) pale blue, mid blue, pale green, dark green. The bottom half seems to be a translation (moved without rotatinging or reflecting) of the top, rather than the more usual rotation. But the original is worn, so it's rather hard to see. knot
knot I'm not too sure about this. Only a quarter has survived, and the edge is missing as well. It could even be the same as the previous one. Still, this is my reconstruction. There is only one string, coloured (from the centre) pale blue, mid blue, pale green, dark green. knot

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© Jo Edkins 2004