Jo Edkins' Bobbin Lace School

How to make lace
Equipment - pillow, bobbins, etc.
How to make lace
How much thread?
Starting and finishing lace
Lace stitches - cloth stitch, half stitch, etc.
Footsides (straight edge)
Headsides (wavy edge)
Simple Grounds (open areas of lace)
Other Grounds
Solid areas (more dense areas)
Simple spiders
Peas and open spiders
Junctions and crossovers
Bucks Point and hexagonal grid
Corners and mats
Joins and twists
Picots - tallies - gimps

Printing off information

Free lace patterns and instructions
Some comments about the patterns

Lace patterns for Beginners

Zig-zags and diamonds
Patterns with hearts
Spiders and roses
Torchon Flower patterns
Bucks Point patterns
Braided (e.g. English Midland)
Wedding Garters
Christmas patterns
Ribbons - very thin strips of lace
Letters and numbers
Animals - Snake, spiders, butterflies, dogs, cats
Celtic knots & Greek keys
Kat stitch, star ground, open spiders
Winkie pin footsides, scallops
Ideas from existing lace
Inspired by old lace
Strange materials
Different shapes
Triangles to go in corners
Wiggly lace
Variable grids

Lace projects

Types of English lace
Pictures and quotes

How to design lace
Blank grids
Interactive lace designer - corner
Torchon lace design kits

I have written two Kindle books:
How to make Bobbin Lace - Buy UK - USA
Bobbin Lace Stitches and Techniques - Buy UK - USA
(or look up Jo Edkins in Amazon)
Patterns used in How to make Bobbin Lace

Site map - Glossary - Dutch translation of site by Rene' van Hassel - Books about lace - Links to other sites - Contact me

Picture index to patterns

Simple patterns
for beginners
& diamonds
Spiders and roses
Bucks Point
Celtic knots
Greek keys
Square Mats
Other Mats
Triangles for corners
Ideas from
existing lace
stitches (1)
stitches (2)
Inspired by
old lace
Strange materials

Site map - how to make lace

Lace equipment pillow    bobbins    pricking card    pins    thread    other    suppliers
How to make lace preparing the pattern    winding bobbins    making the lace    order to work lace   
Starting and finishing lace start pattern    number of bobbins    start working    simple start    complicated starts    end of the pattern    finishing   
Standard lace stitches cloth stitch    half stitch    twist    cloth stitch and twist   
Other lace stitches picot    plait    lazy join    tally    3 way join    honeycomb    gimp    turning stitch    linking lace    cross-twist description   
Longer explanations picot    knotted picots    tally    gimp   
Footsides twisted    cloth    double twisted    triple cloth    threading ribbon    no footside    winkie pin    general
Torchon headsides cloth fan    half stitch fan    other simple fans    twisted fan
Midlands headsides plaited    nine pin    crown    trail    serpent
Bucks Point headsides cloth fan    passives and picots
Other headsides part twisted fan    French fan    ribbon    Maltese    simple ribbon    hearts    rose border   
Simple Grounds simple Torchon ground    double Torchon ground    Bucks Point ground    Half stitch ground
Other Grounds rose    triangular    dot    armour net (armure-Binche)    honeycomb net    Kat stitch    gaps    star    bias    other diagonals   
Solid areas (simple) diamond    cloth diamond    half stitch diamond    Joining diamonds    strip    zigzag    heart    triangle    fan    bud   
Solid areas (complex) vertical edge    horizontal edge    upwards chevron    downwards chevron    diamond    Gravenmoer    ground    double ground   
Spider working a spider    bigger spiders    spider ground    half spiders   
Peas and open spiders simple open spider    variant of open spider    pea   
Corners and mats working a corner    designing a corner    mats    finishing an edge or mat   
Joins and twists Twists    Joining lace    Joining thread   
Downloads of information how to make lace    lace stitches    footsides & headsides    grounds and nets    diamonds, zigzags, etc.    spiders    start & finish   
Lace projects bookmark    card    edging/insertion    corner    mat    decoration    garter    cross    fan   
Types of English Lace Torchon    Downton    Bucks Point    Midland    Honiton   
Pictures and quotes early drawings    Shakespeare    Dutch paintings    Cowper    later paintings    Rudyard Kipling   
Designing lace grids    making pattern for existing lace    developing a pattern    new designs    interactive lace designer
Torchon grids very small    small    medium    large   
Torchon mat grids rectangular mat    large circle edge    small circle    large, combined circle    large circle mat    small circle(1)    small circle(2)    fan   
Bucks Point grids very small    small    medium    large    mat   
Variable grids Small: horizontal    vertical    both ways    mat      Large: horizontal    vertical    both ways    mat   
Interactive lace designer Design your own Torchon lace patterns online!


Click on the word to go to the part of the website which explains the word.

Adding bobbins
Armour net
Australian whole stitch

Bias ground
Binche Armure
Bobbins (winding)
Books about lace
Bucks Point
Bucks Point fan
Bucks Point ground

Cathedral spider
Cinq trous (rose)
Cloth stitch
Cloth stitch and twist
Cloth diamond
Cloth fan
Cloth footside
Contact me
Covering a pin
Crown headside
Dense areas
Designing lace
Dot ground
Double Torchon ground
Double twisted footside
Downton whole stitch

Finishing lace
Finishing mats
Five hole
Fond a la vierge (rose)
Fond de mariage (rose)
French fan

German spiders
Grids for designing lace
Grounds (simple)
Grounds (other)
Half spider
Half stitch
Half stitch diamond
Half stitch fan
Half stitch ground
Honeycomb net
Honeycomb stitch
Honiton lace

Joining diamonds
Joining lace
Joining threads

Kat stitch
Knotted picots

Lattice ground
Lazy join
Linen stitch
Links about lace
Making lace
Maltese headside
Midland lace

Nine pin headside

Open spiders
Orge (spider)
Overhand knot

Part twisted fan
Passives and picots headside
Picots (knotted)
Pins (using)
Plait stitch
Plaited headside
Pricking card
Pricking a pattern
Raised tally
Reef knot
Removing bobbins
Réseau (net)
Ribbon in footside
Rose ground

Scallop headside
Serpent headside
Sewn footside
Solid areas
Spider ground
Square knot
Star ground
Star mesh
Starting lace
Taking out bobbins
Toilé (dense)
Three-way join
Torchon ground
Torchon ground (double)
Turning stitch
Turning stitch and twist
Trail headside
Triangular ground
Triple cloth footside
Twisted fan
Twisted footside

Virgin ground

Whole stitch
Whole stitch (Downton)
Winding bobbins
Winkie pin
Windmill join


My own lace books (only available on Kindle)

How to make Bobbin LaceJo Edkins This teaches you to make lace, assuming you are starting from the very beginning. It describes the equipment you need (and cheap substitutes!), and takes you through a lot of stitches and techniques in 22 easy patterns. Only 12 pairs of bobbins required throughout!
Click here for patterns used in How to make Bobbin Lace
Bobbin Lace Stitches and TechniquesJo Edkins This is a reference book of the basics. It describes stitches, simple and complex grounds, headsides and footsides, and other mysteries such as picots and tallies. It uses LOTS of diagrams, and step by step instructions. UK USA

Other people's books about lace

The Book of Bobbin Lace StitchesBridget M. Cook and Geraldine Stott Photos and diagrams explaining different types of lace stitches UK USA
Pillow Lace and BobbinsJeff Hopewell A booklet showing antique pillows, bobbins and lace equipment - fascinating! UK
Identification of Laceby Pat Earnshaw Descriptions of all different types of lace (not just bobbin) UK USA
Logarithmic Lacecompiled by Deborah Robinson Variable grids - an intriguing idea! UK USA

Or enter 'bobbin lace' or a lace type, such as torchon, into the relevant search box below.

UK -
Search for books by keywords:
Search for books by keywords:

Links to other websites

British lace museums:

Bucks County Museum in Aylesbury - Bucks Point
Cowper and Newton Museum near Newport Pagnell - Bucks Point and Bedford lace
Salisbury Museum - Downton lace
Allhallows Museum in Honiton - Honiton lace
Ruskin Museum in Coniston, Cumbria - Ruskin lace (not bobbin lace)
Shetland Museum - Shetland lace knitting (not bobbin lace)
V&A in London - various lace, not always on display
Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge - various lace, not always on display
Royal Albert Memorial Museum - I think this has lace
Lace Guild Museum - Limited opening

Other lace websites:

Different types of British lace from the Lace Guild
Lynxlace - includes lace identification
IOLI For those who want to learn how to make, identify, design or collect lace
A Lace Lover's Diary including descriptions of different styles of lace

Guilds for bobbin lace and similar crafts:

The Lace Guild
The Lace Society
OIDFA (International Bobbin and Needle Lace Organisation)
Ring of Tatters
Guild of Needle Laces

Lace Groups:

I'd love to hear of any other British lace groups. I do need a web address - a Facebook page is acceptable (ask some teenager to set one up for you if necessary!) Please contact me at

East of England: Fenlanders
Chesterton Lacemakers
Aragon Lacemakers
Alban Lacemakers
Norfolk Lacemakers
London & UK98 Lace Group
North of England: North Cheshire Lacemakers
Midlands: Olney Lace Circle
South of EnglandWessex Lacemakers
Tonbridge Lacemakers
North Downs Lacemakers

British lace suppliers of equipment
such as bobbins, pillows, thread:

Jo Firth Lace Making and Needlecraft
Sixpenny Bobbins
Mainly Lace
Claire's Lace
Church Meadow Crafts
MD Lace Bobbins
Chris Parsons, Bobbin Maker
SMP lace from Bucks, England
Biggins for Torchon patterns and other lace supplies
Roseground for lacemaking supplies and books

Lace Days:

List supplied by the Lace Guild
List supplied by Jo Firth
LaceNews - current events, lace days (particularly in England) and conventions, exhibitions, museum reviews, interviews, and special articles of topics of interest
Facebook Lace News

Lacemaking classes:

Mainly Lace
The Lace Guild
The Lace Society
Devon Lace Teachers

Lacemaking classes may be run as adult education classes, advertised by your local authority or council. Or try finding a local lace group and ask them if they know of any local lace classes.

Lacemaking tutorials or books online:

This website!
Lacemaking videos on YouTube
Online video for beginners about how to make lace from the Lace Guild
Introduction to Bobbin Lace taught by: THL Gweniver Kenwyn of Roseveth
A first lesson in Bobbin Lace as published in Lace Magazine International 1999
Online training by Bobbin Lace Eurpean Network - click on lesson links near top
Glossary by Bobbin Lace Eurpean Network - click on glossary links near top
Some tutorials by Jenny Brandis
Fiches techniques - diagrams with text in French
Landelijke Organisatie Kant Kunst - diagrams with Dutch text
Digital Archive of Documents Related to Lace - download the books or a sample page
Volume 1 and Volume 2 of The American Lacemaker 1904
Catalog of Antique Pattern Library - download pattern books for many crafts
The Art of Modern Lacemaking 1891
Chats on Old Lace and Needlework 1908
Le Pompe (mid 16thC lace pattern book)
Another edition of Le Pompe (mid 16thC lace pattern book)
Resources for renaissance bobbin lace
Generator of Flanders meshes

Contact me

My name is Jo Edkins. I enjoy hearing from other lacemakers, especially beginners. My email address is

See my other websites

© Jo Edkins 2002