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Bobbin Lace Grounds

These are open parts of lace, used as filler between other parts of the pattern, such as solid areas. Ground can also be also called net or (in French) réseau or fond.

If you can't find what you want below, have a look at Grounds from "A Lace Guide for Makers and Collectors" by Gertrude Whiting (1920).

Simple grounds, using two pairs per unit

pic of lace Torchon ground
pic of lace Double Torchon ground
pic of lace Bucks Point net
pic of lace Half stitch ground or lattice stitch
pic of lace Twisted hole ground
pic of lace Mechlin ground
pic of lace Brussels ground

Grounds using four pairs per unit

pic of lace Rose ground
pic of lace Triangular ground
pic of lace Spider ground
pic of lace Valenciennes
pic of lace Round Valenciennes
pic of lace Armour net or armure-Binche
pic of lace Chequerboard ground
pic of lace Dot ground
pic of lace Small hole

Grounds using more than four pairs per unit

pic of lace Honeycomb
pic of lace Kat stitch
pic of lace Star ground
pic of lace Simple snowflake ground
pic of lace Ringed snowflake ground
pic of lace Hexagons surrounding snowflakes ground
pic of lace Bias ground
pic of lace Rose and line ground
pic of lace Spider and line ground
pic of lace Spider and dot ground
pic of lace Star and dot ground



"A Dictionary of Lace" by Pat Earnshaw defines Reseau, and puts the various bobbin lace grounds into categories. I list them here, with my own picture for what I think she means. Some of the grounds are quite similar, so I group them together on my pages. I have also included pictures from to "A Lace Guide for Makers and Collectors" by Gertrude Whiting (1920). Click on a picture to go to the relevant webpage explaining how to make it.

Reseau (French, network). The ground of small meshes filling the open spaces of a lace. The precise course of the threads and the resultant shape of the mesh are an important dignosic feature in lace identification

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pic of lace pic of lace (i) fond simple, simple ground, fond clair, Lille, point, or net ground, tulle mesh: found in Bucks, Lille, Chantilly, Spanish bobbin, blonde;
pic of lace pic of lace (ii) fond double, double ground, point de Paris, Kat stitch, wire, French, six-point star, star, star-pointed ground, hairpin stitch, fond chant: found in French point de Paris lace, and in some Bucks, Chantilly, and Antwerp;
pic of lace pic of lace (iii) cinq trous, five hole, fond à la virge, virgin ground, rose stitch (Beds): found in Antwerp, some early Valenciennes, some torchon and yak;
pic of lace pic of lace (iv) Valenciennes, square, diamond mesh;
pic of lace pic of lace (v) round Valenciennes, round mesh: found in some Milanese and eighteenth-century Flemish laces;
pic of lace pic of lace (vi) Spanish, maglia de spagna, twisted hole ground, twisted half stitch: found in silk laces, often from France and Italy, as well as Spain;
pic of lace pic of lace (vii) Mechlin, Malines
pic of lace pic of lace (viii) droschel, vrai reseau, Brussels, bobbin mesh, Flemish ground: found in eighteenth-century point d'Angleterre, and Devon laces
pic of lace pic of lace (ix) honeycomb, fond de marriage: found in some Bucks, often used as a filling
pic of lace pic of lace (x) partridge eye, oeil de perdix, fond de neige, snowflake ground: the characterstic reseau of Binche, sometimes found in Mechlin;
pic of lace pic of lace (xi) torchon;