Facts about each US state

Guess the US states

The various state nicknames and so on are well documented on the web. They are usually listed by state, so I thought that I would compare them to each other.

State nicknames and mottos
State flowers, trees, grass and fruit
State birds, animals, insects and reptiles
State fish, amphibians, marine animals and shells
State fossils, gemstones, minerals, rocks and soil
State drink, fruit, vegetable and others (muffins, etc.)
Other State emblems
Facts (serious or frivolous) about each US state


StateState nicknameState motto (translation)Language of motto
AlabamaYellowhammer StateAudemus jura nostra defendere
(We Dare Maintain Our Rights)
Latin
AlaskaGreat LandNorth To The Future
ArizonaGrand Canyon StateDitat Deus
(God Enriches)
Latin
ArkansasNatural State Regnat Populus
(The People Rule)
Latin
CaliforniaGolden StateEureka
(I have found it!)
Greek
ColoradoCentennial StateNil sine numine
(Nothing without Providence)
Latin
ConnecticutConstitution StateQui transtulit sustinet
(He who transplanted sustains)
Latin
DelawareFirst StateLiberty and Independence
FloridaSunshine StateIn God We Trust
GeorgiaPeach StateWisdom, Justice, and Moderation
Hawaii Aloha StateUa mau ke ea o ka aina i ka pono
(The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness)
Hawaiian
IdahoGem StateEsto perpetua
(Let it be perpetual)
Latin
IllinoisLand of LincolnState sovereignty, national union
IndianaCrossroads of AmericaThe Crossroads of America
IowaHawkeye StateOur Liberties We Prize and Our Rights We Will Maintain
KansasSunflower StateAd Astra Per Aspera
(To the Stars Through Difficulties)
Latin
KentuckyBluegrass StateUnited We Stand, Divided We Fall
LouisianaPelican StateUnion, justice, and confidence
MainePine Tree StateDirigo
(I lead)
Latin
MarylandFree StateFatti maschii parole femine
(strong deeds, gentle words )
Italian
MassachusettsBay StateEnse petit placidam sub libertate quietem
(By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty)
Latin
MichiganWolverine State Si Quaeris Peninsulam Amoenam Circumspice
(If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look about you.)
Latin
MinnesotaNorth Star StateL'Etoile du nord
(Star of the north)
French
MississippiMagnolia StateVirtute et armis
(By valor and arms)
Latin
MissouriShow Me StateSalus Populi Suprema Lex Esto
(Let the Welfare of the People be the Supreme Law)
Latin
MontanaTreasure StateOro y Plata
(gold and silver)
Spanish
NebraskaCornhusker State Equality before the law
NevadaSagebrush StateAll for our country
New HampshireGranite StateLive Free or Die
New JerseyGarden StateLiberty and Prosperity
New MexicoLand of EnchantmentCrescit eundo
(It grows as it goes)
Latin
New YorkEmpire State Excelsior
(higher)
Latin
North CarolinaTarheel StateEsse quam videri
(To be, rather than to seem)
Latin
North DakotaPeace Garden State Liberty and Union Now and Forever, One and Inseparable
OhioBuckeye StateWith God all things are possible
OklahomaSooner StateLabor Omnia Vincit
(Labor Conquers All Things)
Latin
OregonBeaver StateShe Flies With Her Own Wings
PennsylvaniaKeystone StateVirtue, Liberty, and Independence
Rhode IslandLittle RhodyHope
South CarolinaPalmetto State Dum spiro spero
(while I breathe, I hope)
Animis opibusque parati
(Ready in soul and resource)
Latin
South DakotaMount Rushmore StateUnder God the people rule
TennesseeVolunteer StateAgriculture and Commerce
TexasLone Star State Friendship
UtahBeehive State Industry
VermontGreen Mountain StateFreedom and unity
VirginiaOld DominionSic Semper Tyrannis
(Thus Always to Tyrants)
Latin
WashingtonEvergreen StateAlki
(bye and bye)
Chinook
West VirginiaMountain StateMontani semper liberi
(Mountaineers are always free)
Latin
WisconsinBadger StateForward
WyomingEquality StateEqual Rights

Explanations of state nicknames



State flowers, trees, grass and fruit

The states do not always use the neat categories below. Some states introduce sub-categories, such as wild flower. I have ignored these and clustered them together where necessary. I have also removed Latin names. If you want an accurate description, then I suggest that you access the relevant state government website. This is purely to compare the different states.

Stateflowertreegrass/grain/crop
AlabamaCamelliaLongleaf Pine 
AlaskaForget-me-notSitka Spruce 
ArizonaSaguaro BlossomPalo Verde 
ArkansasApple Blossom Pine  
CaliforniaCalifornia PoppyCalifornia RedwoodPurple Needlegrass
ColoradoRocky Mountain ColumbineColorado SpruceBlue grama
ConnecticutMountain Laurel The Charter Oak  
DelawarePeach BlossomAmerican Holly 
FloridaOrange blossomSabal Palm  
GeorgiaCherokee rose
& Azalea
Southern live oak peanut (crop)
HawaiiYellow HibiscusKukui 
IdahoSyringa Western White Pine 
IllinoisPurple violetWhite oakBig Bluestem
IndianaPeonyTulip / Yellow Poplar  
IowaWild Prairie Rose Oak 
KansasCommon Sunflower Eastern Cottonwood  
KentuckyGoldenrod Tulip Tree 
LouisianaMagnolia
& Louisiana Iris
Baldcypress 
MaineWhite pine cone and tassel White Pine 
Maryland Black-Eyed Susan White Oak 
MassachusettsMayflowerAmerican Elm  
MichiganApple Blossom &
Dwarf Lake Iris
White Pine  
MinnesotaPink and White Lady Slipper Red (Norway) Pine Wild Rice
MississippiMagnolia Magnolia 
MissouriHawthornFlowering Dogwood  
MontanaBitterroot Ponderosa Pine Bluebunch Wheatgrass
NebraskaGoldenrodCottonwoodLittle Bluestem
NevadaSagebrush Single-leaf Pinon & Bristlecone Pine Indian Rye Grass
New HampshirePurple Lilac &
Pink Lady's Slipper
White Birch  
New JerseyPurple Violet Red Oak  
New MexicoYucca FlowerNut Pine or Pinon Tree Blue Grama Grass
New YorkRoseSugar Maple 
North Carolina Dogwood Pine 
North DakotaWild Prairie RoseAmerican ElmWestern Wheatgrass
OhioScarlet Carnation
& Large White Trilium
Ohio Buckeye 
OklahomaMistletoe &
Indian Blanket
Redbud Indian Grass
OregonOregon Grape Douglas Fir  
PennsylvaniaMountain Laurel Eastern Hemlock 
Rhode IslandViolet Red Maple 
South CarolinaCarolina JessamineCabbage PalmettoIndian Grass
South DakotaPasque Flower Black Hills Spruce Western wheat grass
TennesseeIris &
Passion Flower
Tulip Poplar 
TexasBluebonnetPecanSideoats gramma
Cotton (fibre & fabric)
UtahSego Lily Blue SpruceIndian ricegrass
VermontRed Clover Sugar Maple 
VirginiaAmerican Dogwood Flowering Dogwood 
WashingtonCoast Rhododendron Western HemlockBluebunch Wheatgrass
West VirginiaBig LaurelSugar Maple 
WisconsinWood Violet Sugar Maple Corn
WyomingIndian PaintbrushCottonwood 

An interesting collection which certainly gives an idea of the different states. I like the grasses!



State birds, animals, insects and reptiles

The states do not always use the neat categories below. Some states introduce sub-categories, such as domestic animal, mammal or game bird. I have ignored these and clustered them together where necessary. If you want an accurate description, then I suggest that you access the relevant state government website. This is purely to compare the different states.

Statebirdanimal, etc.insectreptile
AlabamaYellowhammerBlack Bear &
Racking Horse
 Red-bellied turtle
AlaskaWillow PtarmiganMooseSkimmer Dragonfly 
ArizonaCactus WrenRingtail CatTwo-Tailed SwallowtailRidgenose Rattlesnake
ArkansasMockingbird White-tailed Deer Honeybee  
CaliforniaCalifornia QuailCalifornia grizzly bearCalifornia dogface butterflyDesert Tortoise
ColoradoLark BuntingRocky Mountain bighorn sheepColorado Hairstreak Butterfly 
ConnecticutAmerican Robin Sperm Whale European Mantis  
DelawareBlue Hen chicken Pogo possumLadybug &
Tiger Swallowtail
 
FloridaMockingbird Florida Panther Zebra Longwing ButterflyAmerican Alligator
GeorgiaBrown Thrasher
& Bobwhite quail
 Honeybee &
Tiger swallowtail
Gopher tortoise
HawaiiNene Humpback Whale  
IdahoMountain bluebird
& Peregrine falcon
 Monarch butterfly 
IllinoisCardinalWhite-tailed DeerMonarch ButterflyPainted Turtle
IndianaCardinal    
IowaEastern Goldfinch    
KansasWestern Meadowlark American Buffalo HoneybeeOrnate Box Turtle
KentuckyCardinalGray Squirrel Viceroy Butterfly 
LouisianaBrown Pelican Black Bear Honeybee Alligator
MaineChickadeeMoose Honeybee 
MarylandBaltimore Oriole Baltimore Checkerspot ButterflyDiamondback Terrapin
MassachusettsBlack-capped Chickadee
& Wild Turkey
 Ladybug 
MichiganRobin  Painted Turtle
MinnesotaCommon Loon Monarch 
MississippiMockingbird &
Waterfowl Wood Duck
White-tailed Deer
& fox
Honeybee &
Spicebush Swallowtail
 
MissouriBluebird Missouri Mule Honeybee 
MontanaWestern Meadowlark Grizzly Bear Mourning Cloak  
NebraskaWestern Meadowlark White-tailed Deer Honeybee 
NevadaMountain Bluebird Desert Bighorn Sheep  Desert Tortoise
New HampshirePurple Finch White-tail DeerLadybug &
Karner Blue
 
New JerseyEastern Goldfinch HorseHoneybee  
New MexicoChaparral Bird (Roadrunner) Black Bear Tarantula Hawk Wasp 
New YorkBluebirdBeaverLadybug 
North CarolinaCardinal Grey Squirrel HoneybeeEastern Box Turtle
North DakotaWestern Meadowlark    
OhioCardinal White-tailed Deer LadybugBlack Racer Snake
OklahomaScissor-tailed Flycatcher
& Wild Turkey
Bison &
Racoon &
White-tail deer
HoneybeeCollared Lizard
OregonWestern Meadowlark BeaverOregon Swallowtail  
PennsylvaniaRuffed Grouse Whitetail Deer Firefly 
Rhode IslandRhode Island Red   
South CarolinaCarolina Wren & Wild TurkeyWhitetail DeerCarolina Mantid &
Carolina Wolf Spider
Loggerhead Sea Turtle
South DakotaRing-necked Pheasant Coyote Honeybee 
TennesseeMockingbird
& Bobwhite Quail
RacoonFirefly &
Ladybug &
Honeybee &
Zebra Swallowtail Butterfly
Eastern Box Turtle
TexasMockingbirdArmadillo &
Longhorn &
Mexican Free-tailed Bat
Monarch Butterfly Texas Horned Lizard
UtahCalifornia GullRocky Mountain elk Honeybee 
VermontHermit ThrushMorgan Horse Monarch Butterfly/Honeybee 
VirginiaCardinal Tiger Swallowtail 
WashingtonWillow Goldfinch  Green Darner Dragonfly  
West VirginiaCardinalBlack Bear Monarch Butterfly  
WisconsinRobinBadger &
Dairy Cow &
White-tailed Deer
Honeybee 
WyomingWestern MeadowlarkBison Horned Toad

These are essentially land-based animals, although Connecticut and Hawaii have firmly specified whales as their state animal (and why not!) There are some turtles among the reptiles as well. By the way, don't be rude to Wyoming, their 'Horned Toad' is in fact a lizard (and I must admit it does look like a toad).

There are 7 Cardinals and 5 Mockingbirds among the birds. Under animals we have 10 white-tailed deer. I am particularly unimpressed with the originality of state insects. There are 16 states with Honeybee as insect, 6 Ladybugs, 6 Monarch (as insect or butterfly) and 7 Swallowtails (of different types, admittedly). There are other insects, you know! New Mexico has a Tarantula Hawk Wasp and South Carolina has a Carolina Mantid as state insect and a Carolina Wolf Spider as a state spider (quite rightly, as it isn't an insect of course). I must make a special commendation for Delaware, who have a State Macroinvertebrate (a Stonefly). It's not included above, as no-one else has thought of that category!



State fish, amphibians, marine animals and shells

The states do not always use the neat categories below. Some states introduce sub-categories, such as salt or freshwater fish. I have ignored these and clustered them together where necessary. If you want an accurate description, then I suggest that you access the relevant state government website. This is purely to compare the different states.

Statefishamphibianmarine animalshell etc.
Alabama    
AlaskaKing Salmon Bowhead Whale 
ArizonaApache Trout   
Arkansas    
CaliforniaGolden Trout &
Garibaldi
 Gray Whale 
ColoradoGreenback cutthroat trout   
Connecticut   Eastern Oyster
DelawareWeakfish Horseshoe Crab 
FloridaSailfish &
Florida Largemouth Bass
 West Indian Manatee
& Dolphin
Horse Conch
GeorgiaLargemouth bass Right whale Knobbed whelk
HawaiiRectangular Triggerfish   
IdahoCutthroat trout   
IllinoisBluegillEastern Tiger Salamander   
Indiana    
Iowa    
KansasChannel Catfish Barred Tiger Salamander   
KentuckyKentucky Spotted Bass    
LouisianaWhite PerchGreen Tree Frog  Crawfish
MaineLandlocked Salmon    
MarylandRockfish   Blue Crab
MassachusettsCod  Right Whale New England Neptune
MichiganBrook Trout    
MinnesotaWalleye Pike    
MississippiLargemouth or Black Bass  Bottlenose DolphinOyster Shell
Missouri American Bullfrog   
MontanaBlackspotted Cutthroat Trout    
NebraskaChannel Catfish    
NevadaLahontan Cutthroat Trout   
New HampshireBrook Trout &
Striped Bass
Spotted Newt   
New JerseyBrook Trout   Knobbed whelk
New MexicoRio Grande Cuttthroat Trout   
New YorkBrookTrout  Bay Scallop
North CarolinaChannel Bass  Scotch Bonnet
North DakotaNorthern Pike   
Ohio    
OklahomaWhite BassBull Frog  
OregonChinook Salmon   Oregon Hairy Triton
PennsylvaniaBrook Trout   
Rhode Island Striped Bass   Quahaug
South CarolinaStriped BassSpotted Salamander Lettered Olive
South DakotaWalleye   
TennesseeChannel Catfish &
Largemouth Bass
Tennessee Cave Salamander  
TexasGuadelupe Bass  Lightning Whelk
UtahBonneville Cutthroat Trout    
VermontBrook Trout &
Walleye Pike
Northern Leopard Frog   
VirginiaBrook Trout   Oyster Shell
WashingtonSteelhead Trout    
West VirginiaBrook Trout    
WisconsinMuskellunge   
WyomingCutthroat Trout   

These are essentially water-based categories, and since many states are land-locked, you wouldn't expect them to figure. I've put amphibians here as they tend to need water. There seems to be a strong interest in fishes. Obviously fishing is a popular US sport.



State fossils, gemstones, minerals, rocks and soil

The states do not always use the neat categories below. Some states introduce sub-categories, such as dinosaur. I have ignored these and clustered them together where necessary. There is also a little confusion as to whether a 'stone' is a gemstone or a rock. If you want an accurate description, then I suggest that you access the relevant state government website. This is purely to compare the different states. The links are to my own minerals and fossils websites, for more information about the mineral or fossil. I have not given links if the mineral is a specific type not on my website.

Statefossilgemstonemineralrocksoil
Alabama     
AlaskaWoolly Mammoth Jade    
ArizonaPetrified wood Turquoise Fire Agate Arizona Casa-Grande
Arkansas  Diamond Quartz Crystal Bauxite Stuttgart Soil Series
CaliforniaSaber-toothed catBenitoite Gold Serpentine San Joaquin soil
Colorado Stegosaurus Aquamarine Rhodochrosite Yule Marble 
ConnecticutEubrontes giganteus Garnet    
DelawareBelemnite  Sillimanite Greenwich Loam
Florida     
Georgiashark tooth quartz Staurolite   
Hawaii Black Coral   
IdahoHagerman HorseIdaho star garnet    
IllinoisTully Monster  Fluorite  Drummer Silty Clay Loam
Indiana    Limestone  
Iowa    Geode  
Kansas    Harney silt loam
KentuckyBrachiopod Freshwater Pearl Coal Kentucky AgateCrider Soil Series
LouisianaPetrified Palmwood Agate    
MainePertica quadrifaria Tourmaline   Chesuncook Soil Series
MarylandEcphora gardnerae gardnerae
& Astrodon johnstoni
    
MassachusettsDinosaur Tracks Rhodonite  Roxbury Puddingstone 
MichiganMastodonIsle Royal Greenstone  Petoskey Stone Kalkaska soil series
Minnesota Lake Superior Agate    
MississippiPrehistoric Whale    Petrified Wood  
MissouriCrinoid  Galena   
MontanaDuck-billed Dinosaur Yogo Sapphire
& Agate
   
NebraskaMammoth Blue Chalcedony (Blue Agate)  Prairie AgateHoldrege series
NevadaIchthyosaur Virgin Valley Black Fire Opal
& Nevada Turquoise
Silver Sandstone  
New Hampshire  Smoky Quartz Beryl Granite  
New JerseyDinosaur Hadrosaurus foulkii     
New MexicoCoelophysis Dinosaur Turquoise    
New YorkSea Scorpion Garnet    
North Carolina  Emerald  Granite  
North DakotaTeredo Petrified Wood     
OhioIsotelus Ohio Flint   
OklahomaSaurophaganax Maximus  Rose Rock Port Silt Loam
Oregon  Sunstone  Thunderegg  
PennsylvaniaTrilobite     
Rhode Island  Bowenite Cumberlandite 
South Carolina  Amethyst  Blue Granite 
South DakotaTriceratopsFairborn Agate Rose Quartz  Houdek soil
Tennessee Tennessee Pearl Agate Limestone  
TexasDinosaur Brachiosaur sauropod, Pleurocoelus Texas Blue Topaz Petrified Palmwood 
UtahAllosaurus Topaz Copper Coal 
VermontWhite Whale Grossular garnet Talc Granite Tunbridge Soil Series
VirginiaChesapecten jeffersonius     
WashingtonColumbian Mammoth Petrified Wood    
West Virginia Lithostrotionella   Monongahela Silt Loam
WisconsinTrilobite  Galena Red GraniteAntigo Silt Loam
WyomingKnightia / Dinosaur Triceratops Jade    

This is a splendid collection! There is a wide variety, and good local knowledge, with particular interest in fossils. Even rocks and soil are considered.



State drink, fruit, vegetable and others (muffins, etc.)

The states do not always use the neat categories below. Some states say beverage rather than drink (Alabama unashamedly says State Spirit!). I have ignored these and clustered them together where necessary. If you want an accurate description, then I suggest that you access the relevant state government website. This is purely to compare the different states.

Statedrinkfruit/berryvegetableother
AlabamaConecuh Ridge Alabama Fine Whiskeyblackberry  
Alaska    
Arizona    
ArkansasMilkSouth Arkansas Vine Ripe Pink TomatoSouth Arkansas Vine Ripe Pink Tomato 
CaliforniaWine   
Colorado    
Connecticut    
Delaware Milk   
FloridaOrange juice orange pie: Key lime pie
Georgia peachVidalia Sweet Onionprepared food: Grits
Hawaii   muffin: Coconut muffin
Idaho Huckleberry  food: potato
Illinois   snack food: Popcorn
Indiana    
Iowa    
Kansas    
KentuckyMilkBlackberry  
LouisianaMilkStrawberrySweet potatojellies: Mayhaw jelly & Louisiana sugar cane jelly
State meat pie: Natchitoches Meat Pie
MaineMoxieWild Blueberry  
MarylandMilk  food: Blue crabs
MassachusettsCranberry JuiceCranberry  muffin: Corn muffin
bean: Baked navy bean
dessert: Boston cream pie
cookie: Chocolate chip cookie
donut: Boston crème donut
Michigan Honeycrisp apple muffin: Blueberry muffin
mushroom: Morel
MinnesotaMilk   
MississippiMilk   
Missouri    
Montana    
NebraskaMilk &
Kool-Aid
   
Nevada    
New Hampshire Pumpkin  
New Jersey Highbush Blueberry  
New Mexico   cookie: Bizcochito
New York Apple muffin: Apple muffin
North CarolinaMilkstrawberry &
blueberry &
Scuppernong grape
Sweet potato 
North DakotaMilk   
OhioTomato Juice    
OklahomaMilk  Meal: Fried okra, squash, cornbread, barbecue pork, biscuits, sausage and gravy, grits, corn, strawberries, chicken fried steak, pecan pie, and black-eyed peas
OregonMilkPearmushroom: Pacific Golden Chanterelle
nut: Hazelnut
 
PennsylvaniaMilk  cookie: Chocolate chip cookie
Rhode IslandCoffee MilkRhode Island greening (Apple)  
South CarolinaMilk (beverage) &
South Carolina Grown Tea
Peach  
South DakotaMilk  bread: Native American fry bread
dessert: Kucken
Tennessee    
Texas Texas Red Grapefruitpepper: Jalapeño
native pepper: Chiltepin
bread:Pan de campo
dish: Chili
nut: Pecan
pastries: Sopaipilla and Strudel
snack: Tortilla chips and salsa
Utah CherrySpanish sweet onionhistoric vegetable: Sugar beet
snack food: Jell-O
VermontMilkApple pie: Apple pie
VirginiaMilk   
Washington Apple muffin: Blueberry muffin
West Virginia Golden Delicious apple  
WisconsinMilk   
Wyoming    

All those US milk drinkers in America - we never realised! Hardly anyone drinks a soft drink, and only Alabama and California drink any alcohol at all. And as for the last column - oh dear, oh dear! Cookies and muffins and snacks as your state foods! And not that many entries in the vegetable column. I do like Oklahoma's state meal, though. If you think of it as a choice of food, it gives a wonderful sense of local foods.
As noted below, Arkansas does have their tomato as both a fruit and a vegetable.



Other State emblems

I have ignored several categories of emblems. Some cats have state cats, dogs or horses, but not enough, so it would make a rather a sparse table. I have ignored state tartans, or registered state stars.
I have also ignored dances. No less than 21 states have Square Dancing as their dance or folk dance. If you can't think of any other type of dance, why not have a particular type of square dance? There are some waltzes. California dances the West Coast Swing and South Carolina dances the Carolina Shag. Hula is Hawaii's state dance (of course), but the best of all is Wisconsin, with the Polka.
Finally, I like the New Mexico state question "Red or Green?" It refers to the color of pepper you are offered in local restaurants.



Facts (serious or frivolous) about each US state

Alabama - The Civil Rights Movement started in Alabama.

Alaska - Gold was discovered in Alaska in 1872 which led to a gold rush.

Arizona - The Grand Canyon is a great chasm carved by the Colorado River.

Arkansas - The South Arkansas Vine Ripe Pink Tomato is both the state fruit and the state vegetable of Arkansas. The state legislature has decided that the tomato is botanically a fruit and used as a vegetable.

California - Death Valley is mostly in California, although part of it is in Nevada.

Colorado - The Colorado mountains, part of the Rockies, are popular with climbers and skiers.

Connecticut - Mark Twain lived some time in Connecticut, and his house is now a museum.

Delaware - Delaware was the first state to ratify the Constitution of the United States.

Florida - Everglades are wetlands with alligators.

Georgia - The Atlanta Campaign was part of the American Civil War.

Hawaii - Hawaii is famous for its active volcanoes.

Idaho - Ernest Hemingway died in Idaho.

Illinois - Abraham Lincoln was self-taught. He became a leading lawyer in Illinois which led to his political career.

Indiana - Johnny Appleseed is buried in Fort Wayne, Indiana. He planted many apple orchards.

Iowa - American Gothic is a painting of an Iowa farmer and his daughter.

Kansas - The Wizard of Oz starts with a tornado in Kansas.

Kentucky - The Hatfield-McCoy Feud took place between the McCoys of Kentucky and the Hatfields of West Virginia.

Louisiana - New Orleans' famous festival is the Mardi Gras.

Maine - A favourite meal from Maine and the rest of New England is Clam Chowder.

Maryland - The Star-Spangled Banner, America's national Anthem, was written about the bombardment of Fort McHenry in Baltimore, Maryland, by British ships in 1812.

Massachusetts - Plymouth Colony founded by the Pilgrims who arrived on the Mayflower, 1620.

Michigan - Isle Royale is an island in Lake Michigan with wolves and moose. The moose arrived in about 1900, and the wolves crossed an ice bridge to the island in about 1950.

Minnesota - Bob Dylan was born in Minnesota and went to university there.

Mississippi - This state is named after the Mississippi River although this river borders several states.

Missouri - The Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri, is 630 feet high, the highest USA monument.

Montana - The Battle of Little Big Horn took place in Montana. This is known as Custer's Last Stand. It was between the Sioux and the US Seventh Cavalry.

Nebraska - Buffalo Bill's Wild West was founded in 1883 in Omaha, Nebraska by William F. Cody.

Nevada - Las Vegas - the city of bright lights surrounded by desert.

New Hampshire - Dixville Notch, New Hampshire is known for being one of the first places to declare the results in Presidential elections. It has a small number of electors, and polls are closed when they have all voted, then are counted.

New Jersey - Several battles against the British took place in New Jersey during the American Revolutionary War (which the British call the American War of Independence).

New Mexico - The first atomic bomb test took place in New Mexico in 1945.

New York - New York City is known for its skyscrapers. The Chrysler Building is particularly impressive.

North Carolina - In 1903, Wilbur and Orville Wright built and flew the first powered airplane from Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.

North Dakota - The geographic center of the North American continent is located near the city of Rugby in North Dakota.

Ohio - Thomas Edison, the famous inventor was born in Milan, Ohio.

Oklahoma - The State Meal in Oklahoma is fried okra, squash, cornbread, barbecue pork, biscuits, sausage and gravy, grits, corn, strawberries, chicken fried steak, pecan pie, and black-eyed peas.

Oregon - The Oregon Trail was a route which pioneers travelled in wagons to settle new parts of the United States of America. It ended in Oregon.

Pennsylvania - The Liberty Bell was rung on July 8, 1776 summoning citizens to hear the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence.

Rhode Island - Rode Island Red are a breed of chicken. It was originally developed in Massachusetts and Rhode Island in the 1880's and 1890's.

South Carolina - South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union before the Civil War.

South Dakota - Mount Rushmore has the faces of four American presidents carved into it.

Tennessee - Davy Crockett was born in Tennessee and became Congressman there.

Texas - The Battle of the Alamo led to Texas joining the USA.

Utah - The Great Salt Lake has no outlet. Tributary rivers are constantly bringing in small amounts of salt dissolved in their fresh water flow. Once in the Great Salt Lake much of the water evaporates leaving the salt behind.

Vermont - The colours of Vermont Fall foliage are famous.

Virginia - Mount Vernon in Virginia was George Washington's home.

Washington - Mount St. Helens erupted in 1980.

West Virginia - The Mound Builders created earthen burial mounds and other earthworks. They lived over two thousand years ago. Grave Creek Mound is in West Virginia.

Wisconsin - Wisconsin is the dairy state. It leads the nation in cheese production.

Wyoming - Old Faithful is a regular geyser in Yellowstone Park, Wyoming.

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