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Planet Stones and Metals

This list links the early known bodies of the solar system to gemstones, and to metals (which may be an earlier list).
The planets are also linked to Roman gods, and hence to days of the week. Click here for further explantion!

Planet Saturn Jupiter Mars Moon Venus Mercury Sun
Metal Lead ore
Lead
Cassiterite
Tin
Hematite
Iron
Silver
Silver
Copper
Copper
Cinnabar
Cinnabar
Gold
Gold
Gemstone Turquoise
Turquoise
Cornelian
Cornelian
Emerald
Emerald
Clear Quartz
Rock crystal
Amethyst
Amethyst
Lodestone
Lodestone
Diamond
Diamond

The pictures for lead, tin, iron and quicksilver are for the metal ore rather than the metal.
The metals seem quite sensible. Lead (a heavy metal) is for the slow moving Saturn. Quicksilver, or mercury, is for the fast moving Mercury. Being liquid, it is the only metal that moves at all, and it does move fast! Iron represents the warrior Mars, and the main iron ore is red Hematite, suitable for the red planet. Gold and silver suit the sun and the moon. Tin for Jupiter, the king of the gods, may seem strange, but bronze, made of copper and tin, was the most useful metal before iron was being seriously worked. Copper is a beautiful metal, fit for Venus, goddess of love, but also mirrors used to be made of copper, and Venus liked mirrors!
The choice of jewels is a little strange. Mars is the red planet, so emerald seems a bizarre choice. It seems a shame not to use moonstone for the moon. Lodestone (magnetic rock, or magnetite) does not seem to belong in a list of gems at all. There is a better list under Heraldry.
Incidentally, mankind now has real moonrock, from the landings on the Moon, and some meteorites are believed to have come from Mars, but we don't have any mineral or rock from any other planet.