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Dodecahedron


Solid shapes --- cube --- tetrahedron --- octahedron --- icosahedron --- dodecahedron --- other shapes --- Euler's formula --- glossary --- for teachers


Description of a dodecahedron

A dodecahedron's faces are pentagons (5 sides). There are 12 faces, and 3 faces meeting at each vertex (corner).

Dodecahedral ball

Model of a dodecahedron

Unfortunately, my magnetic kit didn't have enough connectors to make a dodecahedron, so here is a child's ball instead. I think it needs washing! There is also a see-through picture of a dodecahedron for counting vertices (corners) and edges. See Euler's formula for what to do with these numbers.

Dodecahedral model

Net of a dodecahedron

There are 43380 distinct nets for the dodecahedron. Here is one of them. Print it out, stick it on thin card, score along the lines and fold them, form the shape, then stick it together with small amounts of glue. For more details, see the notes for the net of a cube.

I'm afraid that the tabs are not very neat on this diagram as they were free-drawn by mouse, which I find tricky. Still, it doesn't matter as they end up inside your finished shape.

Dodecahedral crystals

Dodecahedra happen in crystals as well as cubes and octahedra. This is another natural pyrite crystal. It is not actually a regular dodecahedron, although it has 12 faces, each with 5 sides, but it is quite close.

Roman dodecahedron

Objects like this have been found on Roman sites in Britain, France and Germany. No-one knows what they are used for!

Roman dodecahedron

Moving dodecahedron

Click on Move or Backwards to make cube move and Stop to stop it.
       


Other regular solids?

A dodecahedron is the only regular polygon which uses pentagons, as it is impossible to fit more than 3 pentagons round a vertex. There are no polyhedrons which use only hexagons, as three hexagons at a vertex would make a flat surface. However, a buckyball uses both hexagons and pentagons.